Behavioral explanations of anorexia nervosa

You call yourself names based on mistakes and perceived shortcomings. The neurotransmitter serotonin affects binging behavior in bulimics. Button and Warren examined a group of AN sufferers seven years after they were diagnosed with the disorder. Thus the slender female perceived as being the cultural ideal might be one cause of the fear of being fat.

As treatment progresses, cognitive restructuring techniques e. Restricting food may provide an emotional numbness, anesthetizing you from feelings of anxiety, sadness, or anger, perhaps even replacing those emotions with a sense of calm or safety.

Anorexia Nervosa: Causes, Symptoms, Signs & Treatment Help

This supports the claim that children of ineffective parents become overly reliant on their parents to identify their needs. But while change is hard, it is possible. Several types of medications helped patients suffering from binge eating disorder make at least short-term improvements to their health; these medications included SSRIs, tricyclic antidepressantsan anticonvulsant, and an appetite suppressant.

Challenge damaging mindsets People with anorexia are often perfectionists and overachievers. Getting back to a healthy weight Starting to eat more food Changing how you think about yourself and food Let go of rigid food rules.

These highly critical thoughts can result in feelings of shame, anxiety or disgust that often trigger weight control behaviors and fuel a cycle of negative self-evaluation.

Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa: Explanations

Some people may have a genetic tendency toward perfectionism, sensitivity and perseverance — all traits associated with anorexia. It did not help patients with binge eating disorder control their weight. However, the optimum length of treatment and the best strategy for maintaining these health benefits remain unknown.

You believe if you feel a certain way, it must be true. This may result from abnormal heart rhythms arrhythmias or an imbalance of electrolytes — minerals such as sodium, potassium and calcium that maintain the balance of fluids in your body.

The thought of gaining weight is probably extremely frightening, and you may be tempted to resist. These individuals relied excessively on the opinions of others and felt a lack of control over their lives. Risk factors Anorexia is more common in girls and women.

Reconnecting with your feelings can be extremely uncomfortable. A person with anorexia needs compassion and support, not an authority figure standing over the table with a calorie counter. Research on Anorexia and Neurobiology Many individuals who deal with anorexia nervosa are extremely bright, talented and gifted.

Many psychiatric disorders are dangerous, but when it comes to death, Anorexia holds the unfortunate leading cause of death in anyone with a psychiatric disorder.

The effects of the thinness culture in media, that constantly reinforce thin people as ideal stereotypes Professions and careers that promote being thin and weight loss, such as ballet and modeling Family and childhood traumas: Before discussing the contributions of specific neurotransmitters to different disorders, it is important to provide a bit of background about the functioning of these chemicals.

However, the methodology of research into personality can be criticised for example the difficulty of separating out normal personality traits compared to altered short-lived traits that may have been caused by starvation.

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The meta-analysis by Grabe and Hyde investigated this and found that African- American females did indeed have less body dissatisfaction than Caucasian and Hispanic females.

Essentially, your body begins to consume itself. But while they may appear to have it all together, inside they feel helpless, inadequate, and worthless. Individuals who have a mother or a sister with anorexia nervosa are approximately twelve times more likely to develop anorexia and four times more likely to develop bulimia than other individuals without a family history of these disorders.

Whether it's a new school, home or job; a relationship breakup; or the death or illness of a loved one, change can bring emotional stress and increase the risk of anorexia. For example, Wonderland argued that sexual abuse during holding is a cause of anorexia during adolescence, although these are issues with the validity of retrospective data and it is also hard to distinguish a causal relationship between childhood sexual abuse and the development of AN.

Developing a healthier relationship with food entails: Munich et al suggest that girls use the control over their bodies to divert attention from other family patterns.A cognitive behavioural theory of the maintenance of anorexia nervosa is proposed.

It is argued that an extreme need to control eating is the central feature of the disorder, and that in Western societies a tendency to judge self-worth in terms of shape and weight is superimposed on this need for self-control. For example, Wonderland () argued that sexual abuse during holding is a cause of anorexia during adolescence, although these are issues with the validity of retrospective data and it is also hard to distinguish a causal relationship between childhood sexual abuse and the development of AN.

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by weight loss (or lack of appropriate weight gain in growing children); difficulties maintaining an appropriate body weight for height, age, and stature; and, in many individuals, distorted body image.

Anorexia Nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any mental health issue. The physical dangers of starvation and consequences of declining mental and physical health are numerous. Learn more about the debilitating health consequences of anorexia nervosa. Eating disorders Anorexia Nervosa 2.

Exam question • Discuss two or more psychological explanations of anorexia nervosa (25 marks). 8 + 16 marks. Recommended Teacher Tips. Online Course - LinkedIn Learning. Learning Management Systems (LMS) Quick Start.

Sep 26,  · A disturbance in eating behavior is the defining characteristic of the clinical eating disorders, Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. Surprisingly little research has been devoted to assessing objectively the nature of the eating disturbances in these disorders, to.

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Behavioral explanations of anorexia nervosa
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