Acknowledging that he probably sounds like an Old Testament prophet, Gaunt charges Richard with the sin of wasting himself in a "rash fierce blaze of riot" which "cannot last. When Bolingbroke, in mid-sentence, decides to use his new title of Lancaster, we get the feeling that the popular support might have had some effect on this leader of men.
One should be alert to various shades of indecisiveness and commitment in this scene. In a camp in Wales, the Lord of Salisbury is speaking with a Welsh captain and is worried that he has heard "no tidings from the king.
This is how he is known and how he knows himself. First, there is the general theme of legitimacy and inheritance to consider: Each substance of a grief hath twenty shadows, Which shows like grief itself, but is not so; For sorrow's eye, glazed with blinding tears, Divides one thing entire to many objects, Like perspectives, which rightly gazed upon Show nothing but confusion.
As a concluding note on this idea, consider the following two brief passages: The king has departed for Ireland, and the queen feels that something ominous is about to occur: York continues his desperate argument, completely unaware that, at best, the king is merely tolerating his words.
It is as though Shakespeare wants to prepare us in advance for Bolingbroke's ascent to the throne. The captain, however, refuses; he believes the rumor that "the king is dead.
The reason for the repetition is to indicate just how widespread the discontent with the king is; in addition, it serves as a way of allowing these individual nobles to garner the courage to decide to commit what will be, after all, treasonable acts.
When Northumberland, Ross, and Willoughby conspire at the very end of the scene to join forces with the rebellious army of Bolingbroke, we have a feeling that there is a rightness to their decision.
This way of speaking about someone is usually closely associated with a royal personage; the impression given is that the very presence of royalty — in this case, Bolingbroke — emanates some life-giving source. When Northumberland, Ross, and Willoughby conspire at the very end of the scene to join forces with the rebellious army of Bolingbroke, we have a feeling that there is a rightness to their decision.
One should remember, however, that Richard's response to any attack on himself is, in orthodox terms, justified; he is the king and, therefore, an entity apart from ordinary mortals.
When Bolingbroke, in mid-sentence, decides to use his new title of Lancaster, we get the feeling that the popular support might have had some effect on this leader of men. In a later scene, Richard has an important moment in which he asks for a mirror and then, gazing at his image, meditates publicly on his situation as king and as an ordinary mortal.
His interrupting words are: Wherever possible, he uses such resources boldly and with increasing political impact as he accumulates bitter firsthand experience.
There is a feeling in this scene that circumstances are mounting that are likely to force certain kinds of commitments from the nobility and, specifically, from Bolingbroke. The irony is heavy with significance. As Gaunt is taken out, he turns and hopes that "these words hereafter thy tormentors be!
Notice the way in which Richard speaks to the old man. The irony is heavy with significance. At the end of Gaunt's speech, one can imagine the old man being somewhat exhausted, especially when he utters the lines, Ah! And when Northumberland and his friends speak at the end of the scene, it is clear that they loath the new set of priorities that Richard has set for the nation.
Either way we are presented with a figure who is no longer tragic but epic.
Shakespeare's dramatic strategy is at its most effective here.John F. Kennedy Essay Words 6 Pages Among his many honors as President of the United States of America, John Fitzgerald Kennedy remains the youngest man ever elected to the office of Chief Executive, and the youngest man to die while still fulfilling his duties.
Everything you ever wanted to know about John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster in Richard II, written by masters of this stuff just for you.
Write Essay ; Teaching ; Lit Glossary ; Table of Contents ; SHMOOP PREMIUM Why does it matter what an old dying man has to say? Well, Gaunt gives voice to the play's sense that Richard has turned.
In Shakespeare’s Richard II, the king Richard’s identity can be characterized by several major subjects. Firstly, at the very beginning of the play, he gives a good image of him and seems sure of himself. Essay about The Words of the Dying Gaunt Words 5 Pages The idea of England as a second paradise in a postlapsarian world was a popular thought in Shakespeare's day.
Richard II (Vol. 39) - Essay William Shakespeare. Homework Help as in Gaunt's dying speeches: O, had thy grandsire with a prophet's eye (The entire section is 13, words.).
The Words of the Dying Gaunt Essay - The idea of England as a second paradise in a postlapsarian world was a popular thought in Shakespeare's day.Download